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Read e-book online Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in PDF

By Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov

ISBN-10: 147982304X

ISBN-13: 9781479823048

Until very lately, the belief of historical Jewish sciences could were thought of unacceptable. because the 1990’s, Early sleek and Medieval technology in Jewish assets has been actively studied, however the consensus was once that no genuine medical issues might be present in past Judaism. This paintings issues them out intimately, and posits a brand new box of analysis: the medical job obvious within the lifeless Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The booklet of recent texts and new analyses of older ones finds an important components which are most sensible illuminated through the background of technological know-how, and will have attention-grabbing effects for it. The individuals overview those texts in terms of astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the 1st finished try and account for medical issues in moment Temple Judaism. They examine the that means and goal of medical explorations in an apocalyptic environment. An appreciation of those subject matters paves how one can a renewed knowing of the medical fragments scattered all through rabbinic literature.
 
The ebook first areas the Jewish fabric within the historical context of the close to japanese and Hellenistic worlds. whereas the Jewish texts weren't at the leading edge of clinical discovery, they discover a significant position within the background of technology, among Babylonia and Egypt, within the period of time among Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The publication makes use of contemporary advances in strategy to learn the contacts and networks of Jewish students of their historical environment. moment, the essays right here take on the troublesome suggestion of a countrywide clinical culture. even supposing technological know-how is these days usually conceived as common, the historiography of historic Jewish sciences demonstrates the significance of seeing the improvement of technology in an area context. The e-book explores the strain among the hegemony of principal medical traditions and native medical corporations, displaying the relevance of historic information to modern postcolonial historiography of technology. ultimately, philosophical questions of the demarcation of technology are addressed in a manner which can increase the dialogue of similar historical materials.
 
Online variation available as a part of the NYU Library's historic international electronic Library and in partnership with the Institute for the learn of the traditional global (ISAW).

 

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See further my essay, “Physiognomy, Initiation and Rank in the Qumran Community,” in Geschichte—Tradition—Reflexion: Festschrift für Martin Hengel zum 70. Geburtstag (ed. P. Schäfer, H. Cancik and H. Lichtenberger; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1996), I 385-394. 21 22 2. The Jews and Natural Science 35 relationship of character to physical type, and it too anticipated certain aspects of modern science, particularly in the field of psychology. The calendar in 1 Enoch 72 provides on instructive example of this Second Temple Jewish science.

Cancik and H. Lichtenberger; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1996), I 385-394. 21 22 2. The Jews and Natural Science 35 relationship of character to physical type, and it too anticipated certain aspects of modern science, particularly in the field of psychology. The calendar in 1 Enoch 72 provides on instructive example of this Second Temple Jewish science. 23 It fits admirably the pragmatic definition of science which I proposed earlier. It clearly attempts to uncover the laws of nature (in this case those governing the sun’s motion through the heavens during a solar year), and it provides a rather sophisticated model which integrates in a reasonably satisfactory way a number of precise observations of natural phenomena (see Figure 1).

The presence of physiognomy comes as something of a surprise, but is should be remembered that physiognomy was a science in antiquity, every bit as much as dream interpretation. g. phrenology) it remained a ‘science’ down to the nineteenth century. 22 Like dream interpretation, the more sophisticated forms of physiognomy appear to have been based on observation of the See, for example, Genesis Rabbah 4:4 and 6:8. See further my essay, “Physiognomy, Initiation and Rank in the Qumran Community,” in Geschichte—Tradition—Reflexion: Festschrift für Martin Hengel zum 70.

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Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature by Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov


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